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Come and visit Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg County
Közzétéve 2005. 07. 29. Szerző admin | Összesen nézték 2394 | Megjegyzések (0)
Come and visit Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg County
This time we are going to present you a little village along the stream Hódos, laying on the east part of Hungary - which is also an ethnographical region - called Túrmelléki-Erdőhát.
Natural values and Fauna
The Túrmelléki-Erdőhát is one of the Szatmár-plain's ethnographical regions.One-fifth of the region is protected by the Landscape Protection Area of Szatmár-Bereg and the remain part is Environmental Sensitive Areas thanks to its landscape and botanical values.

Túr river is famous for its double-bends which are accompanied by a romantic scene. The woodlands of this area grow species of oaks, elms, maples and ash trees. Even 150 years old oak trees and hornbeams can be found in the forests. Large marsh and grass-stained fields exist in this region. Among the herbs you may see warted galingale, wild goose-grass and iris covered with turf.
The whole area is part of the Szatmár-Bereg-plain where there is one of the most significant corncrake stock in Hungary.
Much liked inhabitants of the villages are the storks. From the mammals here can be found wild cats and foxes in silent nooks of the woods as well as wild boars, deers, rabbits and hedgehogs.

Architectural and cultural monuments of Erdőhát

The "one-street" settlement construction is typical for Szatmár and also the branch off spindle-road village. Both are ribbon-lotted arrangement characters.
The earlier half-timbered, with wattle-and-daub wall, three-divided houses without verandas were changed for houses of adobe or mud walls, also three divided but enlarged types with front or round verandas.

Churches of the settlements have historico-cultural importances apart from religional aspects. Their ornaments and objects reflect the good taste of our fathers.

The following settlements part of the Túrmelléki-Erdőhát Association for Development of Small Region: Csaholc, Császló, Gacsály, Garbolc, Kishódos, Méhtelek, Nagyhódos, Rozsály, Tisztaberek, Túrricse, Vámosoroszi and Zajta.

The stream here was named after a stout water-rodent, the beaver (in Hungarian: hód), which had been died out in Central-Europe. The village was named by this characteristic animal of this area.
The aisleless reformed church was rebuilt in 1809 with the materials of a stone church which had been standing there before. It was renovated in 1791 and in 1829 a four-towered, pyramid-steepled wooden pinnacle was set up next to.
The greek catholic chapel is in the building which also holds the historical collection of the village.
On this loom in the picture, people even today produce home-made spuns and rag-rugs.
Folk architecture
The structure of the settlement is ribbon-lotted, in some places you can still find cross-barn backyards. The memories of folk architecture are only recalled by some peasant houses and their yards. These houses are the followings: 17. Fő street, 4. and 51. Kis street (now Dózsa György street). Under number 53., there is wooden framed and thatched barn which possibly dates back to the beginning of the last century. The interior arrangements of the houses are divided into 3 parts: first you step in the porch where there is the cooker too, to the left there is the "clean-room" which faces the street and on the opposite side you can find the living room which is the scene of everyday life. This arrangement matches the division of the ancient Hungarian yurta.
Youth camp
On the right side of the river Túr a camp can be found and opposite to it there is the beach. The accomodations are in huts that can hold 4, 8, and 10 people. Apart from these 30 tents can be set up on the grass-covered area. In the camp it is possible to have hot meals 3 times a day and also to barbecue. The cuisine's special meals are tied-pasta soup and stuffed cabbage with corn mush. Parking in the camp is allowed. There is a football ground and also possibility for boating or fishing.
Bicycle renting is avaible.
All of these, plus the volleyball field as well as the beautiful environment serve the active relaxation.
Living traditions in Erdőhát
Animal keeping in the villages happens in a traditional way. We can see cows in herds as well as sheep flocks on the roads in the early or late hours. In Rozsály herds of pigs are also visiting the fields.
Unfortunately the former profession of wood-carving today does not exist but the relics are noticable on shadooves and different articles made of wood with decorations of carved patterns.
Shadooves, which were inevitable accessories of animal keeping and everyday life earlier, are now still easy to find in many backyards.

Nagyhódos MAYOR'S OFFICE: Fő u. 28.
Tel.: (0036) 44 /368-086, 0036) 44/368-429

The dam-system along the Túr and along the various channels serve the cycling tourism. The river Túr, which has faster flow than the river Tisza and more romantic too, is appropriate for voyages. In the settlements, the supplies of village hospitality are in creasing rapidly.
Nagyhódos lies 110 kms far from Nyíregyháza on the east. If you take a car, you can approach it by two ways: Nyírbátor, Mátészalka, Fehérgyarmat or Baktalórántháza, Mátészalka, Fehérgyarmat.
Trains, depasting from Nyíregyháza, Mátészalka, Debrecen and Záhony pass by Mátészalka and arrive to Gacsály where there are bus services to the villages of Túrmelléki-Erdőhát.
By bicycle you can reach it through villages on side-roads of the dam-system.

The publication made by the Upper-Tisza Foundation, commissioned by Nagyhódos Settlements Local Government.
Address: H-4400 Nyíregyháza, Damjanich u. 4-6.
Tel.: +36 30 9254 737
E-mail : uppertisza@freemail.hu

"For nature, for people!"

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